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  1. I am interested in Penkala-Moster pens. I think Penkala brand name is still around but they are only selling rebranded Chinese pens so I am looking around for a vintage pen. Another interesting fact is that Penkala purchased exclusive rights to the piston filling mechanism from the inventor Kovacs. When Pelikan who at the time was an ink manufacturer only decided to venture into fountain pens they bought the rights to it from Penkala but the deal was that Penkala kept the exclusive rights for the piston filling pens in the Southeastern Europe, countries like Yugoslavia and Turkey. Pelikan is still using this filling mechanism in many of its pens. Penkala brand was so dominant in the countries of former Yugoslavia that penkala became and still to a large extent is generic word for fountain pen. In Croatia or Serbia you dont go to the store to buy a fountain pen, you go to get yourself a penkala. Penkala was Slovakian born, of Polish-Jewish-Dutch descent but is today claimed by Croatia where he has done most of his business. Moster was born in Jewish family in Croatia. He was successful businessman. Unfortunately he perished in concentration camp run by Croatian Nazi Puppet State. In the current nationalistic fever you sometimes get some hilarious claims about Penkala in Croatian media. Most hilarious one recently was that he invented the first pen in 1906 and first fountain pen in 1907. That kept me laughing all day. I am interested if anyone has got any experience with this brand? My grandmother owned one and it was literally indestructible.
  2. I was looking up pen history and found this article on Croatian Tourist Board website: The reason for the choice of the pen is simple and also an added acknowledgement for journalists. Croatia is the home of the fountain pen! According to the Croatian encyclopaedic dictionary, pen is the colloquial name for the fountain pen, ball point pen and mechanical graphite pencil. Where did this name come from? For their “father”, one time inhabitant of Zagreb, engineer Slavoljub Eduard Penkala (born in 1871 and died in 1922), one of the most famous inventors in the 20th century. Among eighty or so inventions in the areas of mechanics, chemistry, physics and aeronautics is also the invention of the first mechanical pencil and fountain pen. The first mechanical pencil in the world was patented by engineer Penkala on the 24th of January 2006 and the first fountain pen in the world with solid-ink, on the 31st of May 1907. The invention were patented in more than 35 countries in the world and manufacturing of the fountain pen and ball point pen in the Zagreb based factory grew. In the year 1906 the cooperation between engineer Slavoljub Penkala and Edmund Moster began, resulting in the “Penkala-Moster” company and in 1911 the creation of the joint stock company “Penkala – Edmund Moster” and construction of a new factory with a significantly larger capacity in the Zagreb street Branimirova. At the same time another member of the Moster family using joint capital opened a factory in Germany. Penkala’s pencils and fountain pens at this time were exported to over 70 countries in the world and in the time period between 1912 and 1926 it was one of the biggest factories of writing equipment in the world. And so at the beginning of the 20th century these revolutionary inventions and symbols of the journalist profession ventured into the world from Zagreb, Croatia and took it by storm. First of all mechanical pencil was invented in 1822 in Great Britain and in the 50 years following invention more than 160 patents pertaining a variety of improvements were registered. So Idea that Slovakian engineer of Polish/Dutch heritage Penkala invented mechanical pencil is just ridiculous. And regarding solid-ink fountain pen all I can say, I don't know what that is but I don't believe Penkala invented it. I get really annoyed when this fervently nationalist small countries claim inventions out of thin air and with no evidence what so ever.

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