1960 – 1970 - THE GOLDEN ERA
So many varieties of pens have been produced in this period. Given below are few examples.
2013-09-16_003240 by mohancv, on Flickr
Kim Metro- This is a desk pen made by Kim during early 1960s. It has a celluloid body and a slip on cap.
Compared to a Safari. See how long it is!
See the clip. Cant’ put in pocket. Clip’s function is only to prevent rolling down.
SOME SPECIALITIES OF PENS MADE IN CALICUT.
As competition increases naturally every shop makes their pen to perfection.
They added new features, new materials , new designs—people rejoice! More choices, at competitive prices!
Now we look special features the pen shops introduced at that time to attract people.
1. All the Calicut pens, except for the cheapest school pens are made with built in inner sleeves inside the cap for nib protection. This also prevents the drying of nib.
2. Also most of these had multiple threads for quick removal of caps – A feature not seen even in a modern GEM pen. ( sorry to say this, but I am a fan of Mr. Pratap of Gem pens). Even the largest of the pens open with in maximum one to three turns.
3. Most of the higher pens have a built in step in the section threads to act as an “O ring “ to prevent ink leaking.
Multichannel ebonite feeds – these are standard in all except cheapest student pens.
See this particular design. The last part of ink in the barrel cannot enter into the section. This is a method to prevent burping. But this design is not seen in modern pens.
As competition progressed, shops throwing many new designs and materials to the market.
2013-09-16_004951 by mohancv, on Flickr
This is Kim Lady. A small clip less celluloid pen meant for ladies.
2013-09-16_004803 by mohancv, on Flickr
It’s size is perfect for a small purse. Opens with just ¾ of a turn.
2013-09-16_005053 by mohancv, on Flickr
This is a Kim Lady. Green.
2013-09-22_095213 by mohancv, on Flickr
2013-09-22_095757 by mohancv, on Flickr
Kim lady Varient. All clipless.
As you can imagine, the main stays are ebonite and celluloid. Initially ebonite rods were coming from England and later local production started at Madras.
Celluloid were coming from Germany, and local production never started. Celluloids were called as “Shells” as were coming as not rods but as tubes. These were costly and afforded by affluent class only. Shell pens were almost not made after around late sixties.
Other materials included Rosewoods, Teak and some precious woods. All these failed- as you can imagine- there was no other filling mechanism apart from eyedropper!
2013-09-22_094542 by mohancv, on Flickr
This Is Kim Big Red. Celluloid. A hot selling model of Kim from 1960s to 1970s.
2013-09-16_093443 by mohancv, on Flickr
Amber Vacumatic- Ebonite- ED- Made around late 60s.
Design closely related to Kriptok Vacumatic.
2013-09-16_093710 by mohancv, on Flickr